Perennials for butterflies

A composition of 53 perennial and annual species of wild flowers. A mixture created to provide a place to live and nourish native species of butterflies at all stages of development.

5,2536,50

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Product information

A composition of 53 native flowers made up of only native species that provide food for caterpillars, adult butterflies and other useful wild pollinators. The plants that make up the meadow for butterflies are medium and tall species. The mixture can be used as a zone for insects in the garden or for sowing between the mid-field, perennial flower strips or as the southern edge of forests.

Annual field flowers provide a visual effect in spring, and durable perennial species bloom from the next season. The mixture is intended for spring and autumn sowing in sunny and semi-shaded places, on average, humus and clay soils with moderate moisture and periodically dry.

100 g of seeds is enough to set up approx. 40 m² flower meadow for butterflies.

Contents:
100% flowers
Tall plants
Durability:
meadow on  many years
Position:
sunny / semi-shaded
Soil:
average / clay / humus
Humidity:
average places and  dry
Sowing date:
spring autumn
Sowing rate:
2 g / m²

Seeding instruction

Site preparation

For the best effect, the seeds should be sown on the ground that has been cleared of the existing vegetation and its plant debris – rhizomes or roots. Before sowing, the area should be flattened so that the seeds will not be washed away during rain or watering.

Sowing

Before sowing, the seeds must be mixed – it is important that the mixture is sown evenly over the entire surface. If the area is larger, we divide it into smaller fragments and portion the mixture of seeds proportionally to their number. Adding the mixture of seeds to the carrier, e.g. vermiculite or sand in a proportion of min. 1 l. filler per 100 g of seed mixture, will increase the volume of the seed and facilitate even sowing and control of the sowing area.

After sowing

After sowing, the area should be rolled or trampled to ensure good contact with the ground for the seeds. Finally, we water the future meadow. If this is not possible, sowing seeds should preferably be planned in the time before the rain. It is important that the delicate roots of young plants have good conditions to penetrate the moist soil. It is important for the proper development of plants to maintain a moderate substrate humidity in the intensive growth period, especially on permeable soils.

How to care

The first year

If the conditions for growth are proper – temperatures are constantly positive and there is no drought – plants should start to sprout within a few days after sowing. The mixture includes annual species that will bloom within 1-2 months after sowing (in spring sowing) and perennial plants that have only green leaves in the first year, and their flowering begins in the second season. Water shortages and colds delay vegetation and flowering. They also make plants flower shorter, striving for quick seed delivery. If undesirable plants appear in the meadow in the first year, it can be weeded to save annual flowers, or mowed, which will strengthen perennial species. When the meadow is blooming, it must be mowed to make room for perennial species that develop below, which need light to grow. The swath can be left for a few days so that the seeds end up in the soil and the inhabitants of the meadow can leave it, then the hay has to be taken so as not to limit the growth of perennial plants.

The following years

From the second year on, the meadow will be dominated by native perennial species, which will gradually take over the entire area. We mow the perennial meadow twice a season. Mowing should be performed high (approx. 5-10 cm above the ground) and without chopping the swath, e.g. with a traditional or mechanical scythe, and with a bar mower for larger areas. After mowing the hay, we leave the hay in the meadow for a few days, so that the seeds end up in the soil and the inhabitants leave the stalks. After this time, the hay should be removed so as not to fertilize the soil, which would promote the growth of nitrogen-loving grasses. The first mowing should be done after the flowers have flowered and the seeds fall off (June / July). The second mowing is performed in the fall (then the area will resemble a lawn in winter) or in early spring (in winter, the stalks will be a shelter for insects and a canteen for birds, as well as insulation for young seedlings that will have time to grow before the end of the season).

Seed mixture species

100% wild flowers

Ribwort plantain
Plantago lanceolata
Hoary plantain
Plantago medi
a
Hogweed
Heracleum sphondylium
Red campion
Silene dioica
Autumn hawkbit
Scorzoneroides autumnalis
Common hedgenettle
Betonica officinalis
Greater knapweed
Centaurea scabiosa
Brown knapweed
Centaurea jacea
Common chicory
Cichorium intybus
Hedge woundwort
Stachys sylvatica
Small scabious
Scabiosa columbaria
Great mullein
Verbascum thapsus
White mullein
Verbascum lychnitis
Perforate St John’s-wort
Hypericum perforatum
Harebell
Campanula rotundifolia
Field pansy
Viola arvensis
Charlock mustard
Sinapsis arvensis
Wintercress
Barbarea vulgaris
Carthusian pink
Dianthus carthusianorum
Wild basil
Clinopodium vulgare
Meridian fennel
Carum carvi
Big trefoil
Lotus pedunculatus
Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon
Tragopogon pratensis
Oregano
Origanum vulgare
Bladder campion
Silene vulgaris
Common toadflax
Linaria vulgaris
Wild carrot
Daucus carota
Common soapwort
Saponaria officinalis
European goldenrod
Solidago virgaurea
Hoary cinquefoil
Potentilla argentea
Hypochoeris radicata
Hypochaeris radicata
White bedstraw
Galium album
Yellow mignonette
Reseda lutea
Common agrimony
Agrimonia eupatoria
Motherwort
Leonurus cardiaca
Sticky catchfly
Lychnis viscaria
Meadow clary
Salvia pratensis
Wild teasel
Dipsacus fullonum
Common mallow
Malva sylvestris
Field scabious
Knautia arvensis
Woodland figwort
Scrophularia nodosa
Common tansy
Tanacetum vulgare

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