Perennials for sandy soils

Flower meadow on sandy soils is a composition of 70% wild flowers and 30% grass, which is intended for sowing in sunny places with well-drained ground. The mixture will also work well on acidified and poor soils. The meadow begins to bloom intensively from the second season after sowing.

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Product information

A mixture of 26 native flowers and 7 species of grass for use on sandy soils. It will work well in sites with often low soil pH (acidic soils) and with the amount of organic matter. The mixture is suitable for use in forest areas where previously dry coniferous forests with a predominance of Scots pine grew.

The species composition consists mainly of perennial flowers that begin to bloom intensively from the second year after sowing, with an admixture of fast-flowering wildflowers: poppies, cornflowers, chamomiles and weeds. 30% of the mixture consists of grasses whose task is to cover the area with turf and reduce water evaporation.

The mixture is intended for spring and autumn sowing in sunny places, on periodically dry soils.

100 g of seeds is enough to establish a flower meadow with an area of approx. 40 m².

Contents:
70% flowers, 30% grasses
Medium height plants
Durability:
meadow on  many years
Site:
sunny
Soil:
sandy and  average
Humidity:
dry places
Sowing date:
spring autumn
Sowing rate:
2-3 g / m²

Seeding instruction

Site preparation

For the best effect, the seeds should be sown on the ground that has been cleared of the existing vegetation and its remnants – rhizomes or roots. In the case of soils with a very small amount of humus, the substrate can be enriched with organic fertilizer, e.g. compost. In order to raise the soil pH, calcium fertilization, e.g. with calcium carbonate, can be used. Before sowing, the area should be flattened so that the seeds will not be washed away during rain or watering.

Lawn seeding is a method that offers no guarantee of success. If there are clearances in the turf and the plants have enough space to grow, flowers may appear in places, but the effectiveness of this method is often low.

Sowing

Meadow We recommend sowing sandy soils in spring and autumn, when the risk of drought is low. Autumn sowing will cause early flowering in the following spring, and will also cause more poppies to appear in the meadow. Spring sowing will allow the area to flower quickly, as long as the soil is moist during the first plant growth. Before sowing, the seeds must be mixed – it is important that the mixture is sown evenly over the entire surface. If the area is larger, we divide it into smaller fragments and portion the mixture of seeds proportionally to their number. Adding the mixture of seeds to the carrier, e.g. vermiculite or sand in a proportion of min. 1 l. filler per 100 g of seed mixture, will increase the volume of the seed and facilitate even sowing and control of the sowing area.

We sow seeds on the surface – do not cover them with soil, because many species germinate in the sun and without light will not start vegetation. If the area is larger, we divide it into smaller fragments and portion the mixture of seeds proportionally to their number. A meadow that is too densely sown, where too many plants grow and compete with each other for access to light and water during the intensive growth phase, may lose their aesthetics.

After sowing

After sowing, the area should be rolled or trampled to ensure good contact with the ground for the seeds. Finally, we water the future meadow. If this is not possible, sowing seeds should preferably be planned in the time before the rain. It is important that the delicate roots of young plants have good conditions to penetrate the moist soil. It is important for the proper development of plants to maintain a moderate substrate moisture in the initial growth period, especially on permeable soils. For this purpose, it is best to cover the area with straw or agrotextile, which will protect the soil against excessive evaporation.

How to care

The first year

If the conditions for growth are favorable – temperatures are constantly positive and there is no drought – plants should start to sprout within a few days of sowing. The mixture includes annual species that will bloom within 1-2 months after sowing (in spring sowing) and perennial plants that have only green leaves in the first year, and their flowering begins in the second season. Water shortages and colds delay vegetation and flowering. They also make plants flower shorter, striving for quick seed delivery. If undesirable plants appear in the meadow in the first year, it can be weeded to save annual flowers, or mowed, which will strengthen perennial species. When the meadow is blooming, it must be mowed to make room for perennial species that develop below, which need light to grow. The swath can be left for a few days so that the seeds end up in the soil and the inhabitants of the meadow can leave it, then the hay has to be taken so as not to limit the growth of perennial plants.

The following years

From the second year on, the meadow will be dominated by native perennial species, which will gradually take over the entire area. We mow the perennial meadow twice a season. Mowing should be performed high (approx. 5-10 cm above the ground) and without chopping the swath, e.g. with a traditional or mechanical scythe, and with a bar mower for larger areas. After mowing the hay, we leave the hay in the meadow for a few days, so that the seeds end up in the soil and the inhabitants leave the stalks. After this time, the hay should be removed so as not to fertilize the soil, which would promote the growth of nitrogen-loving grasses. The first mowing should be done after the flowers have flowered and the seeds fall off (June / July). The second mowing is performed in the fall (then the area will resemble a lawn in winter) or in early spring (in winter, the stalks will be a shelter for insects and a canteen for birds, as well as insulation for young seedlings that will have time to grow before the end of the season).

Seed mixture species

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70% Flowers

Ribwort plantain
Plantago lanceolata
Cornflower
Centaurea cyanus
Black mullein
Verbascum nigrum
Great mullein
Verbascum thapsus
Harebell
Campanula rotundifolia
Perforate St John’s-wort
Hypericum perforatum
Maiden pink
Dianthus deltoides
Sheep’s-bit
Jasione montana
Common corn-cockle
Agrostemma githago
Hare’s-foot clover
Trifolium arvense
Hop trefoil
Trifolium campestre
Lesser trefoil
Trifolium dubium
Dwarf everlast
Helichrysum arenarium
Bladder campion
Silene vulgaris
Common poppy
Papaver rhoeas
Long-headed poppy
Papaver dubium
Common soapwort
Saponaria officinalis
Wild carrot
Daucus carota
Hoary cinquefoil
Potentilla argentea
Smooth hawksbeard
Crepis capillaris
Goldmoss stonecrop
Sedum acre
Chamomillecamomille
Matricaria recutita
Sand sainfoins
Onobrychis arenaria
Thrift
Armeria maritima

30% of grass

Sheep’s fescue
Festuca ovina
Red fescue
Festuca rubra
Common bent
Agrostis capillaris
Sweet vernal grass
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Boehmer’s cat’s-tail
Phleum phleoides
Kentucky bluegrass
Poa pratensis
Poa angustifolia
Poa angustifolia

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