€17,00 – €73,00
An extremely durable plant that will grow in almost all places. The common daisy is famous for its very long flowering and mowing resistance. It is pollinated by butterflies, bees and flies.
Wild, non-cultivar seeds.
Polish name: common daisy, lawn daisy, permanent daisy
Latin name: Bellis perennis L.
Family: Asteraceae (Compositae composites), subfamily Asteroidae
Status in Poland: native, very common all over the country
A persistent plant (perennial) with flower stems in the form of scapes, and the white or white-pink inflorescences.
It has three types of shoots. The first of them are underground, unbranched stolons, the second are also underground, but branched, cylindrical rhizomes, and the third are scapes, i.e. leafless flower stems, reaching 40-200 mm in height. In the case of daisies, scapes are characterized by a tomentose that is hard to see and soft to the touch.
The leaves grow directly from the rhizome in the form of a rosette. They are distinguished by an elliptical or spatulate, serrated or notched blade at the edges, tapering into a leaf stalk.
The capitular inflorescence of the daisy flowers includes one row of pink or white female ray flowers in the whorl and hundreds of sulfur-yellow, bisexual disc flowers in the center. The corolla of a single flower has 4-5 teeth and a bell-shaped shape in the species described. The filaments of stamens remain free, while the anthers fuse into a tube surrounding the pistil. The convex bottom of the entire inflorescence is overgrown with characteristic papillae.
The fruit of B. perennis is a smooth, brownish yellow achene shaped like an inverted egg.
The common daisy grows the most successfully in sunny or semi-shaded, fertile and humus-rich locations, but it grows in almost all conditions.
Daisies may be eaten as long as they are not heavily splashed or contaminated with eggs and larvae of parasites from dogs and cats. The taste of young leaves and flower buds is a bit like nuts, the older ones become unpalatable and bitter. You can then treat them as a seasoning or soften their bitterness with pickling.
It is also an ancientmedicinal herb, wild vegetable and ornament plant. Many ornamental varieties have been bred, with heads with more “petals” (de facto ray flowers) and / or unprecedented in the wild, strong shades of pink, burgundy or snow white. The variety with 16 “petals” was known in former Babylon and was worshiped as the flower of the goddess of love Asherah / Ishtar. Modern academic pharmacy rarely uses it, usually externally as a poultice or bath additive for difficult-to-heal pimples, ulcers and wounds. It is sometimes used internally as a mild astringent, expectorant, diuretic, laxative and regulating menstruation medicine. Studies have confirmed some of its antibacterial and fat-lowering effects. However, its effectiveness in coughing, insomnia and migraines has not been confirmed.
There are no reliable data on its pollen and nectar productivity. The common daisy is pollinated by butterflies, bees or flies.