Undemanding plant that tolerates drought well. The meadow salsify is a native biennial species, quite common in Poland. It blooms with yellow flowers that look like a packed dandelion when they overblown. Wild, non-cultivar seeds.
€1,50 – €9,75
Polish name: meadow salsify
Latin Name: Tragopogon pratensis L.
Family: the asters Asteraceae the composites Compositae, subfamily: chicories Cichorioidae
Status in Poland: common, native plant
The meadow salsify is a biennial plant.
Stems of young specimens are clearly tomentosed, even woolly to the touch, in older ones completely bare. They are erect, sometimes only branching.
The leaves of the meadow salsify grow directly from the stems, without petioles. They are characterized by entire-margined arching blades hairy in young specimens, and bare in older specimens.
All flowers have a strong, honey yellow color and ray character. They are clustered in a head with a diameter of 30-65 mm, opening about 8 am to close about noon.
The fruit is a typical Asteraceae achene with a pappusy flight apparatus. The surface of achenes is characterized by a long rostrum, and a spindle shape, measuring 15-22 mm in length. It can be carved very variable, from very thorny or warty to completely glabrous. The pappus grows pinnate, is light brown or dirty whitish.
The meadow salsify likes soil rich in nitrogen, although it also grows in degraded grounds. It prefers fresh loamy-sandy, and loamy soils. It is relatively thermophilic.
In nature, it grows in meadows, ditches, field margins, and roadsides, as well as in ruderal places.
Its Polish and the Latin name “goat’s-beard” is due to the resemblance of inflorescences after pollination with blackish tomentosed stipules to goat’s beard.
The rhizome of this species of salsify used to be used in folk medicine in respiratory diseases as an remedy to facilitate expectoration of secretions.
The honey yield of the Meadow Kozibór is undefined. There are no detailed data on the pollen and nectar yield of this plant.