Carthusian pink

The perennial with the multi-headed rhizomes, a rigid and erect stem, and the goblet-shaped, dark pink flowers. Carthusian pink is a typical component of urban flower meadows, formerly also rockeries and other naturalistic plantings, in dry and easily warmed up places. Wild, non-cultivar form.

SKU: N025

1,7512,25

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About the species

Polish name: Carthusian pink, Carthusian

Latin name: Dianthus carthusianorum

Family: the pink family Caryophyllaceae

Status in Poland: native or permanently established, nominative (lowland) subspecies common and not endangered, rare rock subspecies recognized as endangered (VU)

Durability:
perennial plant
Color:
amaranth
Height:
about 40 cm
Flowering:
May-August

Morphology

A tufted perennial with the strong rhizomes, individual stems, and pink flowers clustered in a head (cyme).

Roots numerous and small. Rhizomes massive and highly branched. Stems oppositely foliaged, rigid, separate, hairless or slightly ciliated at the base, but strongly covered with their own wax. They usually measure 0.15-0.7 m in height.

Lower leaves petioled, upper sessile, and all of them almost linear, acute only at the apexes, like grasses, 1.7-7 mm wide. At the base, they fuse into large leaf sheaths, three times longer than the width of the leaf.

Actinomorphic flowers, five-parted, with 1 pistil and 10 stamens, divided into a calyx fused into a tube and a corolla, odorless, strongly pink or slightly purple. Clustered in tight heads.

The fruit in the form of a strongly elliptic capsule full of inconspicuous flat seeds.

Additional information

Sowing

It is best to sow Carthusian in warm and light places, in permeable soil with reaction close to neutral, moderately firm, barren, sandy-loamy, and moderately dry.

The plant is easy to multiply, in summer by herbaceous cuttings, and in autumn and spring by sowing seeds. The seedlings grown from seeds are transplanted to a destinated place in the summer (July-August). Only young, delicate specimens require watering, while older ones can withstand even prolonged droughts.

It is an excellent species for naturalistic flower beds, rockeries, flower brick walls, and urban flower meadows, where most of the flowers and herbs will wither due to drought and lack of mineral salts.

Interesting facts

The genre name “Carthusian” comes from the Carthusian Order. The extremely strict rule of this order has not changed in over a thousand years. The monks celebrate masses according to their own Latin Carthusian rite, but older than Tridentina, having many common elements with the Orthodox Church. Carthusian pink prefers soils that are too dry and barren for average plants, and the Carthusian monks never eat meat, fasting on bread and water every Friday.

Carthusian pink in seed mixtures:

Use Value

The protandrous tubular flowers of the Carthusian pink attract numerous insects  with long proboscis, mainly butterflies, from June to  September.

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