€1,50 – €4,75
Quite tall perennial with numerous tiny yellow flowers. In the past, common agrimony were used to dye wool golden. Currently, it is used as a herbal raw material and a cosmetic plant. Wild, non-cultivar seeds.
Polish name: common bur, cider, smart plant, creamer, secular herb, liver herb
Latin name: Agrimonia eupatoria L.
Family: the roses Rosaceae
Status in Poland: native, common
Perennial, a hemicryptophyte with a stem with a leaf rosette and soft hairs. It differs from two other representatives of the genus native to Poland by grayish or whitish tomentose on the underside of the leaves and the presence of two types of hairs on the shoots and petioles: first ones very short, and the other ones long and rigid.
Aboveground shoots cylindrical, most often reddish, less often greenish, erect, 30 cm to 1 m (occasionally up to 1.5 m) in length.
The leaves of common agrimony are compound, pinnately dotted, with elongated, ovate, toothed leaves, dark green on surface, and tomentosed, ashen or whitish-gray underside. Such individual leaves cluster in 3 or 6 pairs arranged opposite to each other, and between them are 2-3 even smaller, additional leaves.
Flowers inconspicuous, but typical for rose family: five-parted, free-petaled, with golden corollas and rapidly falling petals, clustered in raceme-spike inflorescences. The torus of the flower is furrowed almost all its length, conical bell-shaped, with a multitude of hook-shaped spines on the apex. Soon after pollination it hangs downwards.
The fruit of agrimony is a small, single or bi-seeded achene covered with small spines sticking like bur to animal hair and human clothing (hence the polish name). Only orthodox type seeds with a TSW of 13-14 g. Germination rate varies from 5.8 to 35.3%.
Sow in partial shade or full sun in well-drained, fresh and fertile soil in warm places.
Agrimonies, which species in the past were rather indistinguishable from each other, were formerly important talismans, tanning and dyeing plants. They dyed wool in a permanent golden color.
Formerly, it was believed that it was possible to heal gunshot wounds using agrimony, or to increase milk production and improve the quality of cream in cattle.
Nowadays, agrimony herb is used for rinsing the mouth or wounds, against bleeding and diarrhea.
Rich in pollen and nectar, blooming from June to August or even October, common agrimony flowers are eagerly visited by honey and solitary bees, and numerous flies, especially hoverflies.
Commonagrimony is also excellent plant for butterfly gardens. In the case of duskywings, it is attractive for caterpillars that eat leaves as well as for imagines that drink nectar.
ATTENTION! Common agrimony Agrimonia from the rose family should not be mistaken with turnip rape – oilseed turnip Brassica rapa var. oleifera, an ancient biennial cultivar from the cabbage family Brassicaceae.. Most beekeeping publications say about the latter plant.