€3,50 – €14,75
The plant is medium height, and has pale lilac flowers. It copes perfectly in dry and sandy places. Is used in medicine as an aid to sleep well. Wild, non-cultivar seeds.
Polish name: common verbena, common vervain, medical vervain, feline yarrow, pigeon weed, herb of life, herb from legends
Latin Name: Verbena officinalis L.
Family: the verbena family Verbenaceae
Status in Poland: cultivated and established in Poland since antiquity, but comes from Mediterranean Basin
A medium-tall perennial with a quadrangular stem, notched leaf margins, and inconspicuous pale lilac flowers.
It is characterized by rough to the touch, notched leaves of very variable shapes. The lower leaves are simple, and petioled. The middle ones will be triple and sessile. The upper ones also do not have petioles, but are simple.
Common vervain flowers are typical for verbena, bisexual, five-parted, inconspicuous, pectinate, and composed of a calyx and a corolla.
The calyx ends with five lobes, is all strongly tomentosed, and simultaneously strongly glandular. The corolla can have many variants of colors, from the most common pale pink or pastel violet, through various blues and reds, to pure white. Single flowers gathered in elongated, loose, thin panicled inflorescence with stipules.
The fruit of the verbena family will be the same as in the case of the mints, schizocarp that breaks into four mericarps with a longitudinallycostal surface. The mericarps measure up to 2 mm in length.
Common vervain requires light places, and fertile but dry and well-drained soil. It tolerates movable rocky ground as well as short-term drought. It prefers full sun, but will withstand partial shade. It can be fed in barren grounds, but if it is excessively fertilized, it will bloom poorly.
It is an ancient ornamental plant, perfect for flower containers (boxes and pots of various types), for borders of flower beds, or as cut flowers. It fits perfectly in flower carpets, naturalistic beds and urban flower meadows.
Common verbena was one of the most sacred plants of the Indo-European peoples. It was used in many religious and magical ceremonies, mainly to anointing and cleansing the altars. It was believed that heals wounds inflicted with steel weapons, dog bites, and snake bites. It used to be thrown in blacksmith hearths and forges, where pig iron was smelted or semi-raw iron was forged to protect this metal and the craftsmen themselves from evil forces. The quacks used to use it as an anti-rheumatic, diuretic, and facilitating childbirth. It was also supposed to help with malaria and jaundice.
Academic medicine does not currently use verbena (although it is included in the composition of some over-the-counter mixtures for colds and flu), although some scientists believe it may improve the quality of sleep and strengthen the nervous system.
A honey plant, but no precise data on its pollen and nectar yield are available.