€3,50 – €14,75
A short perennial, easy to grow. Creeping buttercup grows best in well-drained and constantly moist soil, in a sunny or semi-shaded position.
Wild, non-cultivar seeds.
Polish name: stolon buttercup, dispersed buttercup
Latin Name: Ranunculus repens L.
Family: buttercups Ranunuculaceae
Status in Poland: native, very common
A permanent plant, develops characteristic runners (which distinguish it well from the meadow buttercup), slightly tomentosed shoots and typical of the genus, bright yellow, waxed flowers.
It releases well-leaved creeping shoots, at the same time strongly rooting in nodes, fully or partially raised above the ground, and stems slightly hairy, slightly s-shaped, usually 0.1-0.6 m high.
It produces deeply cut, variable, leaves with three leaflets, with wedge-shaped bases and elongated, bare pedicels. The flowers are very similar to other buttercups: shiny, bright yellow, bisexual, radiant, 5-petal, with a huge, and very variable number of pistils and stamens. They usually measure 2-3 cm in diameter. A creeping crowfoot is a dichogamous species (first its stamens, then pistils ripen), but it is capable of if necessary to self-pollination.
The fruit of this species will be a typical for the genus, ovate cluster of achenes, 5-7 mm in diameter, made of a dozen or several dozen bare, reverse elliptical, flat achenes. Single achenes most often measure 2-3 mm.
Creeping buttercup prefers permeable soil, but still moist, or at least fresh, humus-rich, neutral or slightly alkaline soil. During droughts and hot weather, additional watering will be necessary. It tolerates partial shade, although it will grow better in full sun.
As other buttercups, you can divide old but strong clumps in spring or autumn (which allows you to keep the characteristics of the variety) or sow the seeds into the ground (then it can return to the wild type).
The creeping buttercup is an old ornamental plant, planted on flower beds, and in naturalistic compositions. Same as with other representatives of the genus, gardeners selected full-flowered forms, e.g. ‘Flore-Pleno’, ‘Gold Coin’. Currently, practically only those similar to globeflowers Trollius spp., forms are found in parks, and gardens.
It belongs to plants with very variable morphology which may arise from crossing with other buttercaps (especially multiflorous R. polyanthemos and tuberous R. bulbosus ), as well as from polyploidization, and chromosomal aberrations (most of R. repens has 2n = 32, but often occur mutants with 2n = 16 or 2n = 28). Former botanists and gardeners have described some of the more peculiar forms of this glaucoma as separate species. Today, no importance is attached to this variability.
Creeping buttercup represents the less studied bee forages. Like related buttercups, it is often visited in May. Its pollen was recorded in commercial honeys from apiaries in areas abundant in wet meadows. It has nectaries with characteristic valves. It blooms a long time, usually from May to August-September.