Long and profusely flowering perennial, resembling a large chamomile. A well-known and popular native plant, valued for its ease of cultivation. It is perfect for cut flowers, flower beds, naturalistic compositions, and urban flower meadows. It efficiently recovers from self-seeding. Wild, non-cultivar form.
€1,50 – €3,50
Polish name: true chrysanth, syn. early daisy, true daisy, marguerite
Latin name: Leucanthemum vulgare Lam. son. Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L.
Family: the asters Asteraceae (the composites Compositae), subfamily Asteroidae
Status in Poland: native, cultivated and wild-growing
Perennial with a short rhizome, individual, erect stems, leaves clustered in a rosette, and white-yellow inflorescences.
Durable rhizomes. Erect, hairy shoots at least foliaged up to 3/4 of the height, up to 100 cm high.
The oxeye daisy inflorescence is a typical head for the asters, reaching up to 50 mm in diameter, composed of two types of flowers: marginal female flowers and internal bisexual flowers. The marginal ray flowers are large, white, they attract insect pollinators, they mature simultaneously. The inner disc flowers are tiny, golden yellow, responsible for the bulk of the seed production, and they mature unequally, from the edges of the disc towards the inside.
The fruit of the oxeye daisy (marguerite) is an achene with 10 ribs and 1 seed, devoid of the pappus. One flower head can form up to 26,000 seeds.
A well-known ornamental plant for flower beds, cut flowers and rockeries, valued for centuries for resistance to drought and frost, low soil requirements, nice smell and appearance.
The oxeye daisy (marguerite) is propagated in many ways: from seeds, by herbaceous cuttings, or by dividing whole clumps, both in spring and autumn.
Overblown stems can be cut off, and mowed close to the ground in the fall. It tolerates partial shade, likes fresh, quite fertile soil, rather neutral in reaction.
Oxeye daisy (marguerite) is today separated into two subspecies: typical (lowland) L. vulgare ssp. vulgare and alpine L. vulgare ssp. alpicola (Gremli) Á. Löve & D. Löve.
Early flowering forms are today treated as a separate species of the so-called Leucanthemum ircutianum.. Cultivars known as max chrysanthemum are permanent hybrids of oxeye daisy with Leucanthemum lacustre.
Excellent, oxeye daisy provides about 200 kg of honey per ha. It blooms all summer, from June (some varieties like ‘May Queen’ from May) to the end of August.
It is included in many mixtures for bee pastures.