The white bedstraw is a quite tall plant with small flowers. It will cope well in dry places and permeable soils. Wild, non-cultivar seeds.
€1,50 – €4,50
Polish name: white hugs
Latin name: Galium album
Family: the coffee family Rubiaceae
Status in Poland: common, native plant
A creeping, partially ascending, perennial herb with woody rhizomes and a root neck.
The stems of the white bedstraw are distinguished by whorled foliage, quadrangular cross-section, and long internodes. They are also extremely varied: bare or tomentosed, completely creeping, half-ascending or fully erect, with twigs ascending or geniculate.
The white bedstraw leaves leathery but rather thin, ovate or ovate-lanceolate in shape, 1-4 cm long and 1-7 mm wide, with a hardly discernible central nerve.
The flowers of this plant are bisexual, divided into the calyx and the corolla, gathered in relatively dense, elongated inflorescences. The stamens mature earlier than the pistils. The petals of the corolla are characterized by a specific, thin tip at the tops.
The fruit of the white bedstraw is an ovate, slightly wrinkled schizocarp, bare, cracking into two mericarps.
White bedstraw is great for sunny places, but also tolerates partial shade. He likes dry and well-drained soils.
Only recently it has been used in the composition of urban flower meadows and flower margins in orchards.
White bedstraw is an extremely variable plant, and simultaneously very similar to other representatives of the Galium genus , especially the Leiogalium series.. Even experienced meadowers and botanists often confuse it with the hedge bedstraw G. mollugo, which, contrary to its name, is not particularly common in Poland. The hedge bedstraw differs from the white one with really hardly discernible details: slightly smaller flowers (up to 3 mm in the common, 3-5 mm in the white), shorter flower stalks, and thinner and shorter leaves with a more pronounced nerve. Although white bedstraw and lady’s bedstraw (yellow) G. verum differ greatly in morphology, they cross, giving a relatively frequent hybrid Pomeranian G. x pomeranica.
The most important pollinators of the white bedstraw are small flies. Nevertheless, honey bees are able to take up its nectar, which accumulates in the torus of the flower.