White clover

White clover is a long-flowering native plant. It tolerates frequent mowing and trampling, and its flowers are a great forage for bees. Wild form seeds, collected from nature.

SKU: N049

1,502,50

About the species

Polish name: white clover, procumbent clover

Latin name: Trifolium repens

Family: legumes Fabaceae

Status in Poland: plant permanently established in Poland, with a disputed status in the domestic flora, cultivated or growing as a weed.

Durability:
perennial plant
Flower color:
White
Height:
about 20-45 cm
Flowering:
May-September

Morphology

Fine, creeping perennial with lots of adventitious roots that are shallow but strong.

Stems up to 0.45 m long, not hairy, rooting easily, creeping along the ground, filled inside.

Compound three-leaflet leaves on very long petioles. A horseshoe image is visible on the surface of each leaf. The membranous, ovate, ending by a subulate outgrowth stipules fuse into a tube that protects the shoot.

A single flower with a typical papilionaceous structure has a white- or cream-colored corolla with a tube shorter than the red clover’s one. The whole head consists of 40-80 flowers, grows on a long stalk, turns brown after pollination.

The fruits are elongated two- or four-grained easily breaking pods, rising up in the infructescence.

Seeds inconspicuous, shiny, yellow or yellow-orange, heart-shaped, hard, and deep dormant. They can pass through the digestive systems of many herbivores without harm.

Additional information

Sowing

White clover prefers moderately moist or moist soil. Moderately cool to average warm place.

It is a fodder plant sown at 8-15 kg of seeds per hectare density, usually mixed with grasses.

Interesting facts

White clover is one of the  economically most important forage plants of Europe’s, North America’s, and  New Zealand’s temperate climate.

Formerly it used to be a source to obtain from  it a golden dye to  fabrics. Harvested during flowering dried heads are applied externally in  rheumatoid diseases, or internally with influenza, colds, gout, diseases of the genitourinary system. It is sometimes undesirable in  vegetable gardens, on  sports fields, airports, and  golf courses. Overdose of hay with  white clover can lead to  horses laminitis , and  cattle flatulence, shortness of breath, goiter development.

White clover in seed mixtures:

Use Value

White clover is a perennial of great Use Value. Unlike the red clover, its flowers are short, and the honeybees and solitary bees can reach nectar and pollen.

It provides up to 100 kg of honey per hectare.

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