€3,00 – €13,00
It is a popular oregano – a short native perennial with pink flowers and many culinary and medicinal uses. The wild marjoram is also a honey plant that pollinators love. Wild, non-cultivar seeds.
Polish name: common oregano, oregano, wild marjoram
Latin Name: Origanum vulgare L.
Family:the mint family Lamiaceae , Labiatae
Status in Poland: common, native
A small or medium perennial with very strong, pleasant aroma.
Flower shoots of wild marjoram are always distinguished by easily palpable ciliates, often also purple in color. They rise upright and rigidly branching at upper part.
Leaves same on whole specimen, succulent, nicely fragrant, simple, elliptical, with obtuse apex, entire-margined, sometimes only slightly serrated blades, on clearly visible peduncles. Like in the case of St. John’s wort on the leaves small translucent light spots are observed, although both types belong to other families, oregano to the mints, and St. John’s wort to the St. John’s Wort family.
This perennial has tiny flowers, protandrous, compound of a calyx, a corolla, and a small bractlets. They are clustered in apical inflorescences of the spike-shaped corymb type, often overlapping like roof tiles. They occur uni- , and bisexual.
The fruit of the wild marjoram is a schizocarp, cracking at four brown ovate, or almost spherical mericarps.
Oregano prefers sunny or semi-shaded places with a very warm microclimate, on fertile humus-rich soil, but permeable and light. It is recommended to sow it in April, in the amount of 3-5 seeds every 30 cm. Wild marjoram, being a very strong allelopathic plant, causes soil fatigue with time, so it is worth to transplant it to a new location after 5 years.
It is an ancient herb planted in vegetable gardens, flower walls, and on balconies, now more and more willingly introduced into containers, butterfly gardens, and city flower meadows.
Today, oregano is associated with Italian and French cuisine, especially with pizza, spaghetti or seafood, cheese, and eggplant dishes. To this day, it is an indispensable ingredient of many perfumes, mouthwashes, liqueurs and vermouths.
In the past, it was also used to scare away evil spirits from the farmyard. It was put under the nose or given to epileptics, and women suspected of witchcraft to eat.
The wild marjoram (oregano) is one of the most important beekeeping plants.
One hectare of wild marjoram provides up to 100 kg of pollen and 700 kg of honey. For hundreds of years it has been cultivated on bee pastures near apiaries. Beekeepers appreciate low habitat requirements and relatively low labor input for the care of oregano crops.