7,00 zł – 30,00 zł
Perennial occurring permanently in Poland. It grows on glades, hills, and even on rubbles, and dry slopes. Plantain leaves are used as an infusion in catarrh of the respiratory tract, pulmonary tuberculosis, and chronic cough. Wild, non-cultivar seeds.
Polish name: medium plantain
Latin name: Plantago media L.
Family : Plantaginaceae
Status in Poland: native, common
A low, very variable perennial (a permanent plant) that produces two types of shoots: underground, bulgy rhizomes and above-ground, flower-bearing scapes.
The leaves are short haired on both sides, with very different tips ranging from acute and fairly narrow to obtuse and wide.
Protogynous flowers , clustered in a short, cylindrical spike, with bare, very wide sepals and slightly ciliated bracts. The flower corolla is creamy white, and the stamens longer by 4-5 with pale violet or creamy white anthers.
The fruit of the hoary plantain is a four-receptacle capsule. The seeds are wrinkled, blackish.
Hoary plantain is recommended to be sown from May to September. One of its additional features is vegetative multiplication by root suckers.
Hoary plantain is used in medicine. It has a cholagogic and expectorant effect, as well as an antipruritic and soothing effect on the skin, and accelerates wound healing. It is a remedy for tuberculosis, whooping cough, inflammation of the gallbladder or kidneys, neurasthenia, and hardening of blood vessels.
On Veit Stoss Altarpiece there are hoary plantain rosettes chiseled, clearly stand out from the flat background. Stoss also painted a few rosettes and flowering specimens.
Hoary plantain produces valuable pollen and attracts with its scent.
For insects it is more attractive than the ribwort plantain, pollinated mainly by hymenopterans, hoverflies, and beetles. Also, to a small extent, it spreads by the wind.